Biochar: What is Biochar?
We Doowans LOVE to bring you the latest and greatest in gardening. and other news. we spill the beans. If you know what I mean.,,,
Biochar the secrets out. Some gardens have heard of Biochar. Those new to gardening may not have heard, the secret to a prolific garden. The short answer, Biochar is like steroids for your garden plants.
The long answer, Biochar is a name for charcoal when used for particular purposes, especially as a soil amendment. Like all charcoal, biochar is under investigation as an approach to carbon sequestration to produce negative carbon dioxide emissions.
Biochar thus has the potential to help mitigate climate change, via carbon sequestration. Independently,
Biochar can increase soil fertility, increase productivity and provide protection against some foliar and soil-borne diseases.
Furthermore, reduce pressure on forests, though the degree to which results offer long-term carbon sequestration in practice has been challenged.
Biochar is rich in carbon endure in soil for thousands of years.
Researchers have shown, adding charcoal dust, (Biochar) which can be produced from crop residues and other wastes to soil, improve crop yields, improve plant response to fertilizer. The benefits of this charcoal (Biochar) is its low production cost makes it an important strategy for sustainable land management, and a potentially tool for reducing greenhouse gases by sequestering carbon in soil. The technology has strong evidence to support its impact.
Research has found that early adoption by farmers increased yields by approximately 23% in the first season of application, and 30% a year later. However, there is a need to make the technology a distribution network for biochar is diffuse and difficult to build up, so it may prove most expedient to allow farmers to produce and apply the biochar themselves, using a low-cost kiln and inputs that are readily accessible on most farms.
Research presented at a recent American Chemical Society annual meeting suggests that biochar plus fertilizer yields increased growth of winter wheat and several vegetables by 25-50% compared to chemical fertilization alone.
Monsanto has been barking up the wrong tree, If you know what I mean. Monsatan is bragging about its increase in yields. Here’s what a Farmer said about that.
Well they need a lesson in Biochar. To put in their terms, More study is needed. Can you teach an old dog new tricks?
Not likely in this case. They sell their chemicals (Roundup). as a benefit to mankind, not their top priority.
Biochar a Valuable Soil Amendment
Biochar is a solid obtained from the carbonisation of biomass. Biochar may be added to soils with the intention to improve emissions from biomass that would otherwise naturally degrade to greenhouse gases.
Biochar also has appreciable carbon sequestration value. These properties are measurable and verifiable in a characterisation scheme, or in a carbon emission offset protocol. This 2,000 year-old practice and may go back further, converts agricultural waste into a soil enhancer that can hold carbon, boost food security and discourage deforestation.
The process creates a highly porous charcoal that helps soils retain nutrients and water. Exactly what your garden plants needs….
Biochar is found in soils around the world as a result of vegetation fires, historic soil management practices. Ever wonder why after a fire the vegetation comes back so fast and is more prolific?
Intensive study of biochar rich dark earth, has led to a wider appreciation of biochar’s unique properties as a soil enhancer Biochar an important tool to increase food diversity in areas with severely depleted soils, scarce organic resources, and inadequate water fertilizer supplies. Biochar improves water quality by increasing soil retention of nutrients and agrochemicals for plant and crop utilization. More nutrients stay in the soil instead of leaching into groundwater and causing pollution.
Biochar the Secrets out, the new wonder drug for Mother Earth? Read on!
Biochar a Powerfull Tool to Combat Climate Change
The carbon in Biochar resists degradation can hold carbon in soils for hundreds to thousands of years. Biochar is produced through the gasification processes that heats the biomass in the absence (or under reduction) of oxygen. In addition to creating a soil enhancer, sustainable biochar practices produce oil and gas byproducts that can be used as fuel, providing clean, renewable energy. When the biochar is added to the ground as a soil enhancer, the system can become “carbon negative.” Meaning reduced Co2 emissions around the world.
Biochar and bio-energy in co-production can help combat global climate change by displacing fossil fuel use and by sequestering carbon in stable soil carbon pools. It may also reduce emissions of nitrous oxide.
We can use this simple, yet powerful, technology to store 2.2 gigatons of carbon annually by 2050. It’s one of the few technologies that is relatively inexpensive, widely applicable, and quickly scalable. We really can’t afford not to pursue it. As a matter of fact we can all pursue this secret practice at home. Here’s how!
Biochar in the Garden
Here are some benefits of using Biochar in your garden?
Receive the following benefits with the addition of Biochar in your home garden.
- Enhanced plant growth
- Suppressed methane emission
- Reduced nitrous oxide emission (estimate 50%)
- Reduced fertilizer requirement (estimate 10%)
- Reduced leaching of nutrients
- Stored carbon in a long-term stable sink
- Reduces soil acidity: raises soil pH
- Reduces aluminum toxicity
- Increased soil aggregation due to increased fungal hyphae
- Improved soil water handling characteristics
- Increased soil levels of available Ca, Mg, P, and K
- Increased soil microbial respiration
- Increased soil microbial biomass
- Stimulated symbiotic nitrogen fixation in legumes
- Increased cation exchange capacity
Biochar the Secrets Out could just save us from our mistakes of the past and turned things around for the human race in the future.
Gardeners around the world the saving grace for this planet. Join us in using the Biochar secret in your home garden.
The Doowans way to making Biochar
Use 100% natural charcoal briquettes. One can make Charcoal that can be used for Biochar. It’s inexpensive and serves a dual purpose.
Take your charcoal and crush it up into small pieces the smaller the better. We started with a small bag of charcoal until we got the hang of this process. We like to add our natural fertilizers like Compost Tea, Worm Tea and extra ingredients to our Biochar to give it and extra kick.
This is one way to charge and infuse the biochar with compost tea and extra ingredients Put charcoal in a 5 gallon or larger bucket or larger barrel, filled half way up add water or compost tea up to 3/4 full. (completely covering the biochar). This is where you add microbes as well. We add fish emulsion and sea weed extract. Believe it or not we also add molasses. The microbes seem to like this. You can add bone meal, calcium, and even Urine, anything else that you think your plants will use.
Use a long-handled wooden spoon or stick and stir in one direction for about a minute or two and then the other direction. Repeat several times. To make this job even easier, We use a fish aquarium air pump with two air outlets. We place one outlet at the bottom and the other a couple inches in the top of the solution. This provides a constant mixing and the micros like the oxygen. Let this brew for 24-36 hrs. It ferments pretty fast this way. Or you can just let it sit and ferment like they show in this video.
We drain the liquid and mix it in a Rain Barrel we use to water our plants from. This allows continued diluted fertilizer to our vegetable garden plants as they grow.
And grow they do!
Add Biochar, activated charcoal, the chunky and powdered stuff, to the soil or compost at a rate of 5 cups per cubic foot of dampened soil . Be sure that the biochar is mixed under the soil real good. This activated Biochar does a slow release of vital nutrients to the roots of the plants. It also allows for less watering as the Biochar holds the water in the soil.
When you are finished with mixing it into the soil be sure to add in the Biochar compost tea over the areas where the Biochar has been added. We usually do this after the plants are established. We like to container garden as there is less weed ing and water waste in container gardening.
We use raised vegetable beds and planters. This is a real back saver. however, if you like to plant directly into good old Mother Earth this works great as well.Biochar is Yummy stuff for the soil, plants and microbes. Give this a try, it made a big difference in our garden.
Biochar The Secrets Out is the Master Gardeners best kept secret. Don’t tell anyone! If you know what I mean!